High Design and Engineering

Thanks to the perfect integration of the styling and engineering activities, the Cambiano is an extended range plug-in electric car that combines top performance and roominess with the comfort of a luxury car and total respect of the environment. The type of engine chosen and the position of the battery pack in the rear of the car (under the luggage compartment) have created a vehicle architecture with a perfectly flat floor, that is regular and low, guaranteeing excellent access, liveability on board and a lower centre of gravity.
The Cambiano's generous range was achieved by the innovative drive system, by focussing attention on aerodynamic efficiency, obtained in the Pininfarina Wind Tunnel, and by a significant weight reduction: the Cambiano weighs 1695 kg empty, an excellent result if we consider the size of the car, its remarkable performances, the hybrid drive and 4 wheel drive transmission. The chassis is light, resistant and modular, comprising a carbon fibre cell for occupants and two aluminium modules, one at the front and one at the rear, which act as crumple cells, absorbing impact and supporting all the mechanical parts.

This engineering solution allows the same modules to be used for an entire family of derived vehicles. The central cell can be built with materials and dimensions that will allow it to adapt to the various requirements of cost, manufacturing volumes and furnishings of the cabin of a future derived vehicle. The front and rear structural modules will also adapt effectively to different wheelbases and tracks. Where the energy management system is concerned, the objective is to minimise consumption and polluting emissions into the atmosphere, keeping turbine operating times to a minimum. This is triggered automatically when the battery charge falls below 20% of maximum capacity.

Photogallery

Smart hi-tech solutions

The Cambiano drive system is based on four electric motors, one for each wheel, and the respective deceleration unit. The four motors, which are produced by Magneti Marelli, are mounted on the front and rear frames and each delivers a continuous supply of 60 kW with peaks of 150 kW for a total of 600 kW maximum power output, with torque of 640 Nm. Each motor is controlled separately and electronically to guarantee various functions, including energy regeneration when decelerating and braking, traction control with the option of continuously varying the torque split between the wheels independently (Vectoring Stability Program) and anti-lock braking assistance. The traction control strategies make the vehicle even more enjoyable to drive, guaranteeing outstanding performance and maximum safety over all types of routes. The drive system incorporates an APU (Auxiliary Power Unit) to charge the batteries and, when necessary, to supply energy directly to the motors.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The solution proposed by Pininfarina for the APU of the Cambiano is extremely original and innovative, very consistent with the general philosophy of the project: this is a 50 kW micro turbine, under development by the Bladon Jets, which normally runs on diesel but which can be calibrated to be compatible with various types of fuel. In addition to this advantage, the turbine is much smaller than those of piston engines with a similar power delivery, it weighs just 40 kg, even that lower than that of a heat engine of equal power, and generates low polluting emissions.
These features make this turbine and therefore the solution more consistent with the goals of the weight reduction, space optimization, and reduction of actual emissions of the vehicle in service, who were behind the project of the Cambiano. The micro turbine chosen for the Cambiano has also technical features that make it particularly quiet and vibration-free, enhancing comfort for passengers. This type of extended range electric drive is thus amply in line with EURO 6 legislation, and is already compatible with possible evolutions (EURO 7 ready).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The battery pack developed by FAAM is installed between the seats and the rear axle, where it is protected from possible collisions and easily replaced during servicing. The battery is of the high power, high energy density lithium ion type, has a capacity of 50 kW/h, a peak power delivery of 500 kW, and can be recharged in 6 hours using a 6 Kw/h grid and in 52 minutes with the APU. Combined with the micro turbine, it guarantees a range of 205 km in the urban cycle in all-electric mode, and a total range in the NEDC (New European Driving Cycle) mixed cycle of over 800 km in extended range mode. Battery functioning is monitored by a BMS (Battery Management System) unit, which verifies that the individual cells operate within the established normal functioning range. In the event of a malfunction, the battery is immediately isolated from the rest of the vehicle.

An ecological DNA

Pininfarina genes have always included sustainable mobility, up to make of it, today, one of the pillars of the company's industrial plan. The company was concentrating on aerodynamics and alternative sources of energy as early as the 1970s: for example, with prototypes like the CNR Energetica 1 or Ecos, the first electric car developed by Pininfarina. In the 1990s Pininfarina offered new solutions with the Ethos, a family of 3 cars with an aluminium chassis, a body of recyclable resin, and an innovative combustion engine with low emissions, culminating in 1995 with the Ethos 3EV, another zero emissions car. More recently Pininfarina engineers turned their attention to research into hybrid vehicles with the Eta Beta and Metrocubo projects, the focussing on safety in 2004 with the Nido.

In 2008 the Sintesi proposed a futuristic concept car supplied by 4 fuel cells (one per wheel). Which brings us to the present: the BlueCar in 2008, the Nido EV in 2010 and the Hybus in 2011, a project to convert buses currently equipped with Euro 0–1–2 engines into buses with serial hybrid power packs.

The engineering of the Cambiano has been developed by top Pininfarina engineers who worked in collaboration with  several partners:
APP TECH, BLADON JETS, BOVET, FAAM, FATE, FERNANDEZ JAVIER, FOGLIZZO, GF AGIECHARMILLES, IEE, MAGNETI MARELLI, RIVA 1920, RÖHM ITALIA, DuPont(tm) and STANDOX (r).

ITALY

 

Design and Engineering Centre
Cambiano (Turin)

 

SWITZERLAND

 

Debut at the Geneva Motor Show 2012

TIMELINE

Engineering

  • 2008

    HYPERION

    Pininfarina returns to custom-built vehicle for special customers

  • 2010

    NIDO EV

    an electric car conceived, designed and built entirely at the Pininfarina Design and Engineering Centre in Cambiano, Turin.

  • 2011

    HYBUS

    Hybus is the first recycled, hybrid, sustainable bus

  • 2012

    CAMBIANO ENGINEERING

    Consolidated technological expertise and innovation

  • 2012

    WIND TUNNEL-ORIGONE

    The world champion Simone Origone in the Wind Tunnel

  • 2012

    WIND TUNNEL-XAM

    The futuristic vehicle-workshop to test technologies and materials

  • 2013

    SERGIO
    ENGINEERING

    The exclusive two-seater barchetta

AT THE SAME TIME...

  • 2010

    2UETTOTTANTA

    The 2uettottanta is here, the Alfa Romeo sports car designed by Pininfarina

  • 2010

    NUOVA STRATOS

    A dream comes true. The New Stratos takes to the road

  • 2010

    AIRFLOW NEWMAX

    It is called: Airflow. It is translated: a new concept of helmet. It is read: signed by Pininfarina

  • 2010

    AREXONS AIRTECH

    The first Arexons perfume diffuser designed is born

  • 2010

    SNAIDERO OLA 20

    The Ola20 kitchen, the icon of Snaidero design

  • 2010

    BOVET TOURBILLON OTTANTA

    Design, art, technology, craftsmanship and absolute perfection for detail

  • 2010

    PININFARINA MUSEUM

    Between the past and the future Pininfarina puts itself on display

  • 2010

    NIDO EV

    an electric car conceived, designed and built entirely at the Pininfarina Design and Engineering Centre in Cambiano, Turin.

  • 2011

    FERRARI 458 ITALIA

    A true concentrate of technology, creativity, innovation, style and passion. This is the visiting card of the Ferrari 458 Spider.

  • 2011

    FERRARI FF

    Pininfarina designs the new Ferrari FF, the fastest, most versatile four-seater in Ferrari history

  • 2011

    PRIMATIST B62

    The debut of the Primatist B62’ the best yacht in its class designed by Pininfarina

  • 2011

    SCHAEFER 620

    The best draughtsmen and designers have conceived a nautical jewel

  • 2011

    ARES LINE - PF3 COLLECTION

    A design product that could appeal to the office furnishings world in an original manner

  • 2011

    CALLIGARIS ORBITAL

    A combination of cutting-edge design and excellent technology

  • 2011

    Riva Coupé

    Simple features, clear-cut surfaces in perfect Pininfarina style

  • 2011

    BOVET - CRONOGRAFO CAMBIANO

    The precision of contemporary design: the CAMBIANO 2011 Bovet 1822 chronograph

  • 2011

    JUVENTUS STADIUM

    A venue that describes the future, through a glorious past

  • 2011

    METALCO ANTARES

    We present the Antares, the photovoltaic charging station designed by Pininfarina

  • 2011

    LOGO EXCLUSIVE BRANDS TURIN

    An exclusive logo for an outstanding network: Exclusive Brands Torino

  • 2011

    HYBUS

    Hybus is the first recycled, hybrid, sustainable bus

  • 2012

    FERRARI F12BERLINETTA

    A MASTERPIECE OF DESIGN, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION

  • 2012

    THE FERRARIS OF SERGIO PININFARINA

    22 unique models in Maranello Museum

  • 2012

    CAMBIANO

    A luxury electric sports saloon

  • 2012

    VECTUS PERSONAL RAPID TRANSIT

    The innovative sustainable urban mobility system

  • 2012

    PININFARINA COLLECTION 2012

    The Pininfarina 2012 Collection: living design

  • 2012

    Firma

    A coffee experience in the sign of excellence and Italian design.

  • 2012

    BLUFORM PRIMA

    The water flow sclupted the shapes of the exclusive bathroom line

  • 2012

    ALYON

    Aesthetics, functionality, flexibility and comfort

  • 2012

    SNAIDERO IDEA 40

    Essentiality and functionality, tradition and avant-garde solutions

  • 2012

    TIFON WATER PLANET

    A service complex of new conception for the boating sector

  • 2012

    1100 MILLECENTO

    Pininfarina signs the first project in Residential Design in USA

  • 2012

    PININFARINA IN LONDON

    An exhibition about Italian design

  • 2012

    THE PRIVATE CHAPEL

    The first religious architecture project

  • 2013

    FERRARI 458 SPECIALE

    Innovation and extreme technological research

  • 2013

    SERGIO

    a new, exclusive concept car

  • 2013

    BMW PININFARINA GRAN LUSSO COUPE'

    Consummate elegance

  • 2013

    SCHAEFER 800

    A real boating jewel

  • 2013

    HACEB

    A modern and elegant Collection of home appliances

  • 2013

    NORAUTO CX AIR

    The first roof box with a design inspired by the most beautiful cars

  • 2013

    CEM-200 MARLOW

    Advanced 5-Sense Self-Serve Espresso Bar

  • 2013

    ARES LINE XTEN®

    Creative technology, between design and innovation

  • 2013

    PININFARINA BEACH CHAIR

    The chair that makes life on the beach more comfortable

  • 2013

    PININFARINA CARBONGRAFITE

    The first Pininfarina fountain pen designed for Visconti:

  • 2013

    BOVET TOURBILLON OTTANTATRE

    Masterpiece of technology and aesthetics

  • 2013

    SPECIAL CARS BY PININFARINA

    The first scale car models Collection by Pininfarina

  • 2013

    FERRA

    External architecture and interior for an outstanding real estate project

  • 2013

    BEACHWALK

    The modern design that integrates perfectly into the natural environment

  • 2013

    CHIVAS 18

    A new limited edition which expresses harmony, beauty and pleasure

  • 2014

    FERRARI CALIFORNIA T

    The perfect synthesis of innovation and technology

  • 2014

    TROPHY OF THE DUBAI TOUR

    Design that expresses the pure passion for sport

  • 2014

    CORTILE ITALIA

    The complete expression of Italian design